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Ba'athism (from the Arabic البعث Al-Ba'ath or Ba'ath meaning "renaissance" or
"resurrection") is an Arab nationalist ideology that promotes the development and
creation of an Arab nation through the leadership of avanguard party over a progressive revolutionary state. The ideology is officially
based on the theories of Zaki al-Arsuzi (according to the pro-Syrian Ba'ath movement), Michel Aflaq and Salah al-Din al-Bitar.
A Ba'athist society seeks enlightenment, renaissance and rebirth of Arab culture, values
and society. It supports the creation of single-party states, and rejects political pluralism in an unspecified length of
time – the Ba'ath party theoretically uses an unspecified amount of time
to develop an enlightened Arabic society. Ba'athism is based on principles of
Arab nationalism, pan-Arabism, Arab socialism,
as well as social progress.
It is a secular ideology. A Ba'athist state supports
socialist economics to a varying degree, and supports public ownership over the
heights of the economy but opposes the confiscation of private property.
Socialism in Ba'athist ideology does not mean state socialism or economic
equality, but modernisation;
Ba'athists believe that socialism is the only way to develop an Arab society
which is truly free and united.
The two Ba'athist states which have been in existence (Iraq and Syria), through a policy
forbid opposition and criticism of their ideology. The existing Ba'athist
regimes have been labelled as neo-Ba'athist, because the form of Ba'athism
developed in these countries was very different than the Ba'athism of Aflaq and
al-Bitar; for example, none of the ruling Ba'ath parties actually pursued or
pursues a policy of unifying the Arab world.
Allegations of being fascist
Damascus, Ottoman Syria
|Died||23 June 1989 (age 78-79)|
|Political party||Arab Ba'ath Movement (1940–1947)|
Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party(1947–1966)
Iraq-based Ba'ath Party (1968–1989)
|Religion||Greek Orthodox Christianity|